Demographic changes have profound social and economic implications. The most dramatic example in Hong Kong is the shrinking of the school age population – some 129 primary schools stopped admitting year-one students and 69 primary schools were closed in the period from September 2002 to September 2005. It is expected that some secondary schools will also be closed, as the number of year-one students entering secondary schools will decline from about 82,000 in 2005 to 61,000 in 2010. This paper attempts to scrutinize the demographic effects of migration related to these issues. The relative contributions of migration and natural increase to population growth in Hong Kong will be examined. Then, the decline in fertility, the relation between marriage and migration, the ageing of the population, and the possible role of migration in solving the ageing problem will also be discussed.
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